PESHI SHARIR

ORIGIN:-

The term peshi is originated from sanskrit root word- “ Pish mansavyave

Definition:-

“मांसवयवसंघात : परस्पंर विभकत: पेशीत्युच्यते”   (सु.शा. – 5/38)

Mansa in general term described under sapta dhatu in compact form but when this differetiates get seperated from each other is called as peshi (Dalhan)

Importance:-

   “सिरा स्नायु अस्थि प संधयर्वाणिच शरीरिणां।

     पेशेभि : संवृतान्यत्र बलवंति भवंत्यत : ।। “ ( सु. शा . – 5/37)

                             Since Sira, Snayu, asthi, asthi-sandhi of the body are covered by peshi. So they are more strong and supported. This means peshi is responsible to provide strength and protection while covering them.

Development:-

                                          ” पिशितमनुप्रविश्य पेशीर्विभजते अनिल:”   (सु.  शा. –  1)

  • At the time of development the vayumahabhoota along with ushma guna helps to form the srotas and also enters mamsa and helps to develop peshi.
  • Helping agent of peshi –“ Pitta + Vayu”

 

Peshi Swaroopa/ Types:-

 

“तासां बहलपेलवस्धूलाणु पृधुवृत्तहस्वदीर्घस्थिरमृदुसलक्षण

कर्कश भाता : सन्धयस्थि सिरा स्नायु प्रचदका यथाप्रदेशं स्वभावत एव भवन्ति।।“   (सु. शा. -5/40)

A/C to shape Peshi are – 12 in Numbers, these examples are not given by sushruta

  1. Bahala (huge/ large) – Latissmus dorsi
  2. Pelva (scanty) – Plantaris
  3. Sthula (thick) – Gluteus
  4. Anu (thin)    – Platysma
  5. Prthu (flat) – occiptofrontalis
  6. Vrtta (round) – Diaphragm
  7. Hrasva (short)      – Adductor brevis
  8. Dirgha (long) – Sartorius
  9. Sthiram (hard) – Coccygenus
  10. Mrudu (soft) – Cardiac
  11. Slakshana (smooth) – Intrinsic muscle of eye
  12. Karkasa (rough) -Lumbricals
  • Peshi conceal or envelop the joints, bones,veins and ligaments in their places naturally.

Number of Peshi:-

Male

“पञ्च पेशी शतानि, तासां चत्वारि शतानि शाखासु,

कोष्टे षट्षष्टि:ग्रीवां प्रत्युर्ध्व चतुस्त्रिंशत ।। “ (सु. शा.  5/37)

In Male body there are 500 peshi

  1. Shakha – 400 (extremities)
  2. Kostha –  66 (Trunk/Madhya Sharir)
  3. Griva – urdhwa(Neck/above the clavicle)-34

Female:-

“स्त्रीणां तु विशंतिरधिका।

दश तासां स्तनयो: एकैकस्मिन   पंचपञ्चेति, यौवने

तासां परिवृद्धि :

अपत्यपथे चतस्त्र :-

तासां प्रसृते अभ्यन्तरतो द्वे, मुखाश्रिते बाह्ये च वृत्ते द्वे, गर्भच्छिसंश्रितास्तिस्त्र :, शुक्रार्तव प्रवेशिन्यस्तिस्त्र: एव।। “(सु. शा. –  5/ 39)

  • In female along with 500 peshi there are 20 more Peshi.
  • There are 5 in each breast thus 10 in total, 4 peshi in apatyapatha, 3 peshi are attached to garbhachidra, 3 peshi in Sukra- arthva pravesini.

  1. Urdhva and Adha Shakha (Upper and Lower Limbs) -400

                                                                                      1 limb             4 limb

  1. Pada anguli                                                           15                       60
  2. Prapada                                                                 10                      40
  3. Near kurcha                                                          10                      40
  4. Gulfatala                                                                10                      40
  5. Between Janu and Gulpha                                  20                      80
  1. Janu                                                                         5                         20
  2. Uru Pradesh                                                           20                      80
  3. Vankan                                                                    10                    40
  • Total                                                                           100                 400

       2. Madhyamanga (Thorax and abdomen)/kosta anga – 66

  1. Guda Dwar – 3
  2. Medra – 1
  3. Sevani -1
  4. Vrasana – 2
  5. Nitamba – 5×2=10
  6. Basti shira -2
  7. Udar – 5
  8. Nabhi – 1
  9. Prusta bhag          -5×2=10
  10. Parsava -6
  11. Akshak (near clavicle and shoulder) -7
  12. Thorax / urah      -10
  13. Hridaya, Amashaya      -2
  14. Yakrit, pleeha, unduk(caecum)     – 6

                 Total                                      – 66

           3.Shiro- Greeva – 34

  1. Greeva          -4
  2. Hanu (mastication)    -1
  3. Kakala (uvulva) -1
  4. Talu (soft palate)  -2
  5. Jihwa     -1
  6. Netra  -2
  7. Ostha  -2
  8. Gandha (cheeks) -4
  9. Karna  -2
  10. Lalata (forehead) -4
  11. Shira  -1

         Total -34

 Extra muscles in female :-

 

  1. Stana – 5×2 =10
  2. Apathyapatha(vaginal tract) – 4 (place from where                                                                             fetus is going to  Come out)
  3. Grabhachiddra sanshrita (vaginal opening)    – 3
  4. Sukhra arthava Praveshini – 3 (place from where the sukhra and arthava are               gonna come)

        Total  – 2 0

Word “Pesi” in Ayurveda has been used to denote fascia, muscle and ligament etc in different contents.

  • Breasts or even chests of female do not contain any extra muscle than male thus. It is difficult to explain ten Pesi of breasts.
  • A/C to Prof. Premvati Tewari The muscle of female reproductive system have been classified in :-

            Group of pesi                          Opinion of P.V.Tewari

  1. Sukrapravesini one pesi – Cervix of uterus

     (muscle Responsible for

      the entry of Sperm )

  1. Artavapravesini two pesi – Both fallopian tube

(muscle responsible for

Entry of ovum)

  1. Three muscles situated in – a. Fundus of uterus

     Garbhachidra                                b. Corpus of uterus

  1. Isthums of uterus
  • Muscles of garbhachidra by P.V.Tewari
  1. Transverse cervical or cardinal ligaments
  2. Uterosacral ligaments
  3. Pubocervical ligaments

  • Opinion of Dr. Ghanekara

         Group of pesi                           Co-related

  1. Two outer circular -Sphincter vaginae
  2. Two spreading inside – 2 muscular layers of vaginal canal
  3. Three situated in garbha- -3 muscular layers of uterus

       marga or garbhachidra

  1. Three responsible for entry     -muscular layers of fallopian tubes

        Of sukra and artava

  • Opinion of Dr.Gangadhara Josi

          Groups of pesi                            Co-related

  1. Two outer circular         -Labia majora and minora
  2. Two spreading inside -Both broad ligaments
  3. Three situated in garbha- -Cardinal ligaments, uterosacral ligaments,

        Marga                                                 pubocervical fascia

  1. Three responsible for entry of     -Endosalpinx -2

         Sukra and artava                           – Endometrium-1

  • Comparsion in term of classics and morden

          Description in classics                               Muscles

  1. Pesi of breasts – Different parts of breasts
  2. Pesi of reproductive system
  3. Outer circular-2 – Sphincter vaginae
  4. Spreading inside – Anterior and posterior vaginal wall or muscular

                                                                    Layer and pubocervical along with rectovaginal

                                                                     Fascia

C.Situated in garbhachidra -3            -1.Uterosacral, cardinal and pubocervical ligaments

  1. Fundus, corpus and isthmus of uterus

     d.Responsible for entry of

       Sperm and ovum-3

  1. Sperm-1 -Cervix uteri
  2. Ovum-2 -both fallopian tubes
  3. Analogous to
  • penis-1 -clitoris
  • scrotum-2 – labia majora

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