In the past, there was only one option available for freshly graduated doctors (after passing BAMS), and that was to start one’s own practice. However, today there are many promising opportunities available for BAMS graduates. The areas which are available for a BAMS graduate to build a career successfully can be broadly classified into the following five categories:
Management and administration
The present article discusses some of these options in detail. While selecting a career, a student should try to match his or her own interest, basic qualities as well as specific qualities, which a specific field may demand (e.g., a student planning to pursue a career in management must have good communication skill), and the resources available to him/her with the requirement of the career option.
A student entering Ayurvedic practice cannot avoid the detailed study of Ayurvedic Samhitas. The student should also be well aware about modern medical science and interpretation of modern diagnostic tests. Practical experience is equally required for becoming a successful practitioner. It is advisable that a student works with senior practitioners for at least 1–2 years before setting up his own practice. Along with regular practice, a student can also opt for specialized practice after acquiring proper knowledge, e.g., therapy of skin diseases, spinal disorders, ophthalmologic conditions, ano–rectal diseases, etc., where Ayurveda has a special role to play today.
In India, there are various traditions of Ayurvedic practice like Panchbhautik Chikitsa, Nadi Pariksha, Dhatu Chikitsa, etc. Students can learn such traditions and follow them in their practice.
Students can add value to their practice by combining various therapies such as Panchakarma, Yoga, Ayurvedic dietetics, Counseling, Physiotherapy, etc., by doing additional diploma/certificate courses available.
A postgraduate diploma in Emergency Medicine, which is a short course of 6 months conducted in Modern Tertiary Healthcare Hospitals (e.g., Hinduja Hospital in Mumbai or Ruby Clinic in Pune) can help give value addition to the clinical practice of a BAMS student.
They can also apply for jobs in Central & State Medical Health Mission programmes.
When a student plans to pursue a career in academics, it is necessary to do post graduation. Students, who cannot get opportunity for MD, can go for post graduate diplomas available in various subjects such as Panchakarma, Balaroga, etc.
In Maharashtra, almost 16 subjects are available for MD in 15 government colleges and 10 private colleges. In India, Institutions like BHU, Gujarat Ayurved University (Jamnagar), National Institute of Ayurveda, Jaipur, Kerala and Karnataka University have post graduation facility. The student has to appear for an entrance exam for securing admission for MD. More information about these institutions is available at the website of CCIM. MPhil available at Pune University is also an option.
Anyone who has 10 years of clinical experience or 5 years of teaching experience is eligible for PhD. Almost all the above institutions have facilities for PhD. Ayurved students can even do PhD in non-Ayurvedic subjects like analytical chemistry, biochemistry, etc.
After post graduation, students can join government or private colleges as demonstrators or lecturers.
There is a large space in private sector for the teaching profession. Private tuition classes for BAMS students, tuition classes for entrance exams, conducting workshops to teach particular skills, i.e., Kshrasutra, Agnikarma, Panchakarma, etc., are good options.
Recently, there are MSc programs made available in various science disciplines like Anatomy/Physiology/Microbiology for BAMS students, which are offered by many universities in Karnataka/Tamil Nadu/Maharashtra (University of Madras, Kasturba Medical College, Manipal, Sri Ramachandra Medical college, M. S. Ramaiah Medical College, Jawaharlal Institute of Post Graduate Medical Education and Research, etc.)
Apart from MD and PhD courses, there are other good courses useful for a career in research such as MSc or PG Diploma in Clinical Research. These courses are available at various institutions and universities throughout the country. Cranfield University (UK), through its branches in India, also offers a masters degree in clinical research. The duration of such studies varies from 6 months to 2 years. The course modules are extensive and include various aspects of clinical research with more focus on data analysis and management. After completion of this course, students can get job as Clinical Research Associate in research unit of pharmaceutical companies.
MSc (Biotechnology/Bioinformatics/Health Sciences) is a very challenging course and is also available for BAMS students at some universities. This is a 2-year, full time course.
Students who are interested in fieldwork as well as research can go for this course which has promising opportunities in future. Some courses useful for research careers are short course on statistics and epidemiology (Christian Medical College, Vellore), and Clinical Toxicology (Kalina).
In the research field, a student can join as Jr. Research Fellow on research projects which are conducted by various institutions/colleges/university departments which are financially supported by ICMR, CSIR, CCRAS, DST, etc. On getting experience, they can get Sr. Research Fellowship and this work can lead to a PhD.