U.. health officials say overdose deaths
- U.S. health officials say overdose deaths involving the herbal supplement kratom have caused 91 deaths in 27 states.
the pplement kratom have caused 91 deaths in7 states.
- Kratom –Mitragyna speciosa (commonly known as kratom) is a tropical evergreen tree in the coffee family native to Southeast Asia. M. speciosa is indigenous to Thailand, Indonesia, Malaysia, Myanmar, and Papua New Guinea,where it has been used in traditional medicines since at least the nineteenth century.
- Kratom was a cause of death in 91 overdoses in the United States from July 2016 to December 2017, according to a report released Thursday by the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.
- In seven of the overdoses, kratom was the only substance to test positive in a toxicology report, though the CDC says other substances couldn’t be ruled out.
- Health officials looked at numbers from state overdose reporting databases and found that of the 27,338 overdose deaths in that time period, 152 of the deceased people tested positive for kratom, even if it was not a cause of death.
- A study published in February found that phone calls about kratom exposures to poison control centers nationwide skyrocketed by more than 50-fold from 13 in 2011 to 682 in 2017.
- According to the National Institute on Drug Abuse, Kratom contains the alkaloid mitragynine, which in low doses produces a stimulant effect but results in opioid-like effects when consumed at higher doses. It interacts with opioid receptors in the brain to ease pain and produce sedation and pleasure.
- What’s particularly worrying about these overdoses is that 80 percent of these cases had a history of substance abuse, while 90 percent had no evidence of currently receiving medically supervised pain treatment.
- Courtesy :- USA TODAY & Apta Ayurveda news desk