Jivaniya Mahakashaya-by Dr. Preeti Negi.

Acharya charak in Sutra sthan 04 chapter had described 50 mahakashaya according to the karma, each kashaya consist of 10 dravyas.

Jeevaniye mahakashya according to acharya charak:
1. Jeevak
2. Rhishbak
3. Meda
4. Mahameda
5. Kakoli
6. Ksheerkakoli
7. Mudakparni
8. Mashparni
9. Jeevanti
10. Mulethi
11. Ridhi
12. Vriddhi

Jeevaniye Mahakashya according to Bhaav Prakash acharya ( Jeevaniye Gana):
1. Jeevak
2. Rhishbak
3. Meda
4. Mahameda
5. Kakoli
6. Ksheerkakoli
7. Mudakparni
8. Mashparni
9. Jeevanti
10. Mulethi
11. Ridhi
12. Vriddhi

Jeevaniye mahakashya according to acharya Shushrut (Kakolyadi Gana):

1. Jeevak
2. Rhishbak
3. Meda
4. Mahameda
5. Kakoli
6. Ksheerkakoli
7. Mudakparni
8. Mashparni
9. Jeevanti
10. Mulethi
11. Ridhi
12. Vriddhi
13. Guduchi
14. Karkatshringi
15. Vanshlochan
16. Padmak
17. Prapodreek
18. Draksha

Jeevaniye gana according to Ashtang Hridya:

1. Jeevak
2. Rhishbak
3. Meda
4. Mahameda
5. Kakoli
6. Ksheerkakoli
7. Mudakparni
8. Mashparni
9. Jeevanti
10. Mulethi

1. JEEVAK

Introduction :- Jeevaka is one among the jeevaniya gana quoted by Acharya charak.
Jeevaka consists of dried and fresh pseudo-bulb of Microstylis wallichii Lindl. (Fam. Orchidaceae), a short stemmed terrestrial herb up to 25cm in height, distributed throughout India on hills at an altitude of 2000 -3000 m.

Botanical name :– Microstylis wallichii

Family :– Orchidaceae
Taxonomy :-
Kingdom : Plantae
Subkingdom : Viridaeplantae
Phylum : Tracheophyta
Subphylum : Euphyllophytina
Infraphylum : Radiatopses
Class : Magnoliopsida
Subclass : Liliidae
Superorder : Lilianae
Order : Asparagales
Genus : Microstylis
Species : Wallichi

Synonyms :-
1.Jeevya
2.Dirgha ayu
3.Chir jeevi

Vernacular names :-
English : Jeevak
Hindi : Jeevak
Malayalam : Jeevakam
Telugu : Jeevakamu
Tamil : Jeevakam

Also check:https://aptayurveda.co.in/2018/12/26/आम्लकी-amlaki/

Geographical distribution :- Throughout India on hills at an altitude of 2000 -3000 m.

Morphology :- A terrestrial, pseudo bulbous, 5-25 cm in height, perennial, tender herb. Its stem is underground, spreading, fibrous roots downwards, ribbed.
Leaves : Usually 2-4, sessile or petioled, 7.5-12.5 cm long, ovate-lanceolate, often discolored, light green acute with yurvedic dynamicsprominent veins, leaves in whorls on the nodes directly raised upwards, angular, attenuate, stem covered by basal leaves forming a tubular structure.

Flowers : 7.5-20 cm long, flower small shortly stalked in terminal raceme, about 10 mm in diameter, yellowish-green with purple centre.
Fruits : 6 chambered capsule.
Seeds : Minute, powdery, ovoid.
Pseudo bulbs : 3-9 cm long & 1-3 cm in diameter, conical, fleshy, smooth, shining in pairs, new look like garlic cloves, greenish-white, covered with membranous sheath, slightly mucilaginous, remain alive over long period.

Flowering :- July-August
Fruiting :- September – October

Rasa Panchak :-
Rasa : Madhura
Guna : Picchila, Snigdha
Veerya : Sheeta
Vipaka : Madhura
Doshagnatha :- Pittahara, Vatahara
Karma: Balya, rasayana, dhatuvardhak, shukral, snehopag, jeevaniya
Parts Used :- Pseudo bulb

Chemical Constituents : Alcohol (ceryl alcohol), Glucose, Rhamnose
Substitute : Guduchi (Tinospora cordifolia)

Dosage form : Churna (Powder)

Medicinal Use :-
1. Swas
2. Daha
3. Kaas
4. Raktpitta
5. Rakta vikara
6. Kashrya
7. Sosha
Posology :- 5 gms to 10 gms

Important Formulations :-
1. Dashmoolarishta
2. Chyavanpraash
3. Brahma rasayana
4. Shiv gutika
5. Amritpraash ghrita
6. Ashok ghrit
7. Bala tail

Jeevaka and Rishabhaka are strength promoting, cooling and spermatopoetic. They aggravate Kapha. They cure aggravated Pitta, daaha (burning syndrome), vitiated blood, kaarshya (emaciation), shosha (consumption) and kshaya (phthisis).

2. Rishbhaka

Botanical name: Microstylis muscifera Ridley

Synonyms: Bandhura, Dheera, Durdhara, Gopati, Indraksa, Kakuda, Matrika, Vishani, Vrisha and Vrishnabha.

Family: Orchideaceae.

Ayurvedic dynamics:
1. Sweet in taste
2. cold in potency
3. pacifies vata and aggravates kapha.
4. Actions: Cooling, febrifuge and spermopiotic.
5. Therapeutics: Bleeding diathesis, burning sensation, fever and phthisis.

3. MEDA

Botanical name: Polygonatum verticillatum (L.)

Synonyms: Dhara, Manichhidra and Shalyaparni

English name: Whorled Solomon’s seal

Family: Liliaceae.

Botany: Polygonatum verticillatum is a perennial growing to 1.2m by 0.45m. The leaves four to eight in a whorl; the flowers, two to three in a bunch in the axils of the leaves, are greenish-white. The fruits are red when ripe, and remain hanging after the leaves have fallen. The flowers are . Jivantihermaphrodite.

Phytochemistry: Work done in Ukraine has reported presence of lectins.

Ayurvedic dynamics:
1. Sweet in taste
2. cold in potency
3. pacifies vata and pitta.

Actions: Cooling and spermopiotic.

Therapeutics: Fever, burning sensation and phthisis.

4. Mahameda

Botanical name: Polygonatum cirrhifolium (Wall.) Royle

Synonyms: Devamani and Vasuchhidra.

English name: King’s Solomon’s seal

Family: Liliaceae.

Botany: Whorls of delicate leaves and nodding little lilac bells on slender stems to 45cm. Shoots erupt from creeping rhizomes so late in the spring you fear something’s wrong, and flower within a fortnight.

Phytochemistry: Steroidal saponins and polysaccharides

Ayurvedic dynamics:
Sweet in taste
Pacifies pitta and aggravates kapha.

Actions: Cooling, febrifuge and spermopiotic.
James Duke in his work on medicinal plants of China has reported cardio tonic, carminative; sialagogue, stimulant and tonic properties of Polygonatum cirrhifolium. The plant is used in Tibet system of medicine also.

Therapeutics: Burning sensation and fever.
In Tibet Polygonum cirrhifolium is used for loss of vigor, pain in kidneys and hips, swelling and fullness in the abdominal region, accumulation of fluids in bone joints, skin eruptions, and bronchitis.

Pharmacological investigations: Investigations in China has reported hypoglycemic, hypotensive; antibacterial and antifungal effects of Polygonum cirrhifolium.

5. KAKOLI

Botanical name: Roscoea procera Wall. formerly Roscoea purpurea or Fritillaria roylei Hook.f

Synonyms: Dhawanksholika, Karnika, Ksheera, Madhura, Shukla, Svadumansi, Vayasoli and Vaysasha.

Family: Zingiberaceae.

Botany: Roscoea purpurea is a much larger and lusher plant, forming clumps of thick, fleshy leaves from where arise fat stems topped by one or two two-tone purple hooded flowers in summer.

Ayurvedic dynamics:
1. Sweet in taste
2. cold in potency
3. pacifies vata and pitta.
Actions: Cooling and spermopiotic.

Therapeutics: Fever, burning sensation and phthisis.

Also read,haritaki in details- https://aptayurveda.co.in/2018/12/29/हरीतकी-haritaki/

6. Kshirakakoli

Botanical name: Lilium polphyllum D.Don

Synonyms: Kshiramadhura, Kshiravishanika, Kshirshkula, Payasvani, Vayastha and Veera

Family: Liliaceae.

English name: White lily.

Botany: Leaves are scaly. The plant originates from bulbs.

Ayurvedic dynamics:
1. Sweet in taste
2. cold in potency,
3. pacifies vata and pitta.

Actions: Cooling and spermopiotic.
Therapeutics: Fever, burning sensation and phthisis.

7. Mudgaparni: –

Botanical name– Phaseolus trilobus Ait.

Family– Fabaceae

Names in different languages:
English name – Wild bean
Hindi name-Jangli moong, Mungvan
Telugu name- Adavi Pesalu
Bengali name – Mungani
Marathi name – Ranmug
Gujarati name – Adbad Mag, Jangli Mag

Sanskrit Synonyms

Mudgaparni, Shoorpaparni, Hamsi, Karangika,
●Mrugagandha – having the smell of animal
●Mahamarjara Gandhika – has smell of wild variety of cat
●Shimbiringini, Shimbi, Shimbiparni – Legume
●Vanaja, Vanamudga, Vanodbhava – Grows wildly in the forest
●Kakamudga, Suryaparni, Ringini, Kurangika
●Kshudrasaha, Hrasva, Alpa, – small plant

Chemical Constituents-
1. Vitexin
2. Kaempferol
3. Lutcolin
4. quercetin

Mudgaparni Classical Categorization
Charaka—
i. Jivaniya – enlivening group of herbs
ii. Shukrajanana – Sperm production promoting group of herbs,
iii. Madhura skandha – sweet group of herbs

Sushruta –
Kakolyadi gana, Vidarigandhadi gana
Vagbhata-
Sukrajanana, Vidarigandhadi gana

Kaiyadeva Nighantu –
Madhyama Panchamoola – Mudgaparni, Mashaparni, Bala, Punarnava, Eranda – Balances Kapha and Vata Dosha
Oshadhi Varga
Bhavaprakasha Nighantu, Rajanighantu, Dhanvantari Nighantu – Guduchyadi Varga.

Medicinal Properties
Guna (qualities) – Laghu – light to digest, Rooksha – Dryness
Rasa (taste) – Madhura – sweet
Vipaka- Madhura – sweet taste conversion after digestion
Veerya – Sheeta – Coolant
Effect on Tridosha – Balances all the three Dosha, slightly increases Kapha.

Part used– Whole plant
Dosage– decoction 50-100 ml
powder 3-6 g

Medicinal uses:
Chakshushya – improves vision, good for eyes, useful in eye disorders
Pittahara – useful in Pitta imbalance disorders such as gastritis, burning sensation, etc.
Grahi – absorbent, useful in diarrhea, IBS
Shukrakrut, Shukrala – improves sperm and semen quantity and quality
Shothaghna – relieves swelling, edema, anti inflammatory

Indicated in –
Kshata – injury, bleeding
Shosha – emaciation
Grahani – IBS, sprue, altering diarrhea and constipation
Arsha – haemorrhoids
Atisara – diarrhoea, dysentery
Vatarakta – Gout
Daha – burning sensation, as in gastritis, neuropathy, burning sensation in eyes etc
Jwara – fever
Krumi – worm infestation
Kshaya – depletion of body tissues, weight loss, tuberculosis
It is indicated in menorrhagia, nasal bleeding.

External application:
The leaf, root paste is applied over wounds to check bleeding and to quicken healing

Side effects:
It is best to avoid this during constipation.

Ayurvedic medicines with Phaseolus trilobus as ingredient:
Dhanwanthararishtam – used in the treatment of low digestion power, low back ache. It is a very good uterine tonic. It is also useful in post natal care of the mother.
Amruth Jeevan Rasayan – used in treatment of fatigue, low immune power etc
Vidaryadi Kashayam – used in respiratory conditions.
Bala Tel –used in Ayurvedic treatment of Vata diseases,vomiting, cough, cold, asthma, wound, emaciation etc. It is used both externally and orally.
Vasakasav – used for treating different types of inflammation and swollen conditions.

8. MASHAPARNI

Botanical Name :Teramnus labialis. Spreng.

Classification:
According To Modern
• Kingdom –Plantae
• Order –Rosales
• Family –Papilionaceae

According To Ayurveda
Charak- Jivaniyavarga,Sukrajananavarga
Sushruta- kakolyadigana, Vidarigandhadigana
Vagbhata-Sukrajanana,Vidarigandhadi
Bhavprakash- Guducyadivarga
Kaiydeva Nighantu-Oshadhi varga,Madhyam panchamula
Raj nighantu,Dhanvantari Nighantu-Guduchyadi varga

Apta Ayurveda launches new monthly journal,Apta Manthan.https://youtu.be/2hy5P-y9F1Q

Other Names :
Hindi name- VanaUdad
Telugu name- AdaviMahasaha
English name – Vogel tephorsis
Kannada name – Adaviuddu
Malyalam name – kattuulanda
Marathi name – Ran udad

Sanskrit Name-
1) Shurpaparni
2) Suryaparni
3) Pandura
4) Hayapucchika
5) Hamsamaya
6) Swadumayasmasha
7) Mahasaha
8) Kambojika
9) Kamboji
10) Krushnavrunta
11) Simhavinna
12) Pishachika
13) Visarini
14) Ardramasha
15) Mangalya
16) Kalyani

General Information :

Habit – spereading twining herb.
Stem – slender, more or less hairy.
Leaves – Compound, 3-foliate, petiole is 1 to 4 cm long, stipules are 3mm long, ovate-lanceolate, leafletes are membranous, 4 to 6 cm long and 2 to 2.5 cm wide, ovate – oblong, glabrous above and hairy beneath.
Inflorescence – few flowered axillary recemes.
Flower – papilionaceous, redishcoloured.
Fruits – pods, 4 to 5 cm long, 2.5 mm wide, narrowly linear, hairy when yound, seeds are 8 to 12 in number, oblong, truncate or slightly rounded at the ends and dark brown in colour.

Properties (Gunadharma)
Rasa-Madhura, Tikta
Vipak-Madhura
Virya- Sheeta
Guna-Laghu, Snigdha

Specific Parts :
Panchanga, Moola (Root)

Doshaghnata :
Vata-pitta-shamak, Kaphavardhak.
Benefits :
Internal application :
• It should be used in udarashoola, vishatambha and grahi.
• In raktapitta,shotha, ardita,ksayaroga, pakshaghat and other vatvyadhis and in shukrameha, daha and jvara.
• It is sangrahi in nature hence used in diarrhea and IBS.
• Kasa (Cough)
• jivaka, Mudgaparni (Phaseolus trilobus), Masaparni (Teramnus labialis) sidhhagrut/ghee is used in cough originated from Pitta dosa.
• Mashaparni is a nutrition rich herb. It balances vata and pitta dosha. It increases kaphadosha.
• Mashparni is good for treating Vata and Pitta Disorders, Fatigue, Muscle wasting and bleeding disorders.
• Mashparni boosts body energy and lmmunity. It strengthens the muscles.
• It is used to improve the sperm and semen quality and quantity.
• It is useful in disease related to blood like abscess, menorrhagia , nasal bleeding.
• It is also given in burning sensation like gastritis ,neuropathy ,burning sensation in eyes.

Dosage :
Quatha – 40 to 80 ml.
Choorna – 1 to 4 gm.
Kalpa-
1. Mahanarayana tail
2. Dhanwantharam tailam
3. Vidaryadi Kashayam
4. Dhanwanthararishtam
5. Amruth Jeevan Rasayanam

Chemical Composition :

Seeds contain potassium, magnesium, calcium, and, phosphorus Crude protein, crude fat, ash, and nitrogen free extract constituted 22.86%, 6.10%, 4.62%, and,58.15%, respectively, of the seed weight. Caloric value of 100 g dry matter of seed material was 378.94 kcal. The essential amino acids lysine, leucine +isoleucine, arginine, valine and histidine were present in relatively large quantities.

9. Jivanti

Leptadenia reticulata is an Ayurvedic herb used for the treatment of fever, urinary infection, improving the eye vision and for nourishing the body tissues.

Latin name- Leptadenia reticulata W. & A.

Family– Asclepidaceae

Morphology:
☆Jivanthi is a climber growing throughout India.
☆The leaf is cardiac shaped having small hairs in the under surface.
☆The flowers are greenish yellow and found in clusters.
☆The fruits which are small is used as vegetable.

Names in different languages:
▪Hindi name- Dodi shak, Ranimoi, Chirvel
▪Gujarathi name- Nahanidodi, Khirkhodi, Raidodi, Shinguti
▪Marathi name- Gaganthjuti, Palkhevel
▪Kannada name- Palatheege balli
▪Malayalam name- Atapathiyan,Curinil, Adapathiyan
▪Tamil name- Palaikkodi, Paalaikeerai
▪Telugu name- Kalasa, Mukkutummudu, Palatige

Sanskrit synonyms:
1.Shakashresta- Used as good vegetable
2.Chakshushya- Improves the vision
3.Jeevanti, Jeeva, Jeevaneeya, Jeevaprushta – Nourishes the body
4.Arkapushpi- Flowers resemble that of ‘Arka’ flowers
5.Madhushwasa, Madhusrava- The exudate is sweet in taste
6.Mangalya – It is auspicious
7.Payasvini, Kulya, Bhadra, Yashaskari, Jivabhadra, Putrabhadra, Mangalya – auspicious

Properties:
o Rasa (Taste) – Madhura (Sweet)
o Guna (Qualities) – Laghu (Light), Snigdha (Slimy)
o Vipaka – Madhura (Sweet)
o Veerya (Potency) – Sheeta (Cold)
o Karma (Actions) – Tridosha shamaka especially Vata pitta shamaka (reduces vitiated vata and pitta dosha)

Part used– Root
Dosage– Powder of root – 4 to 6 g
Decoction- 40 to 60 ml

Chemical constituents:

The herb contains n- triacontane, cetyl alcohol, beta-sitosterol, beta-amyrin acetate, lupanol 3-O- diglucoside and leptidine glycoside.

Uses of Jivanthi:
1. The decoction of the root of Leptidinia reticulata is given with Ghee in a dose of 40-50 ml to treat fever.
2. The tender stems and fruits are eaten as vegetable, which helps in the improvement of the vision.
3. The decoction of the plant is given in dose of 40- 50 ml with honey to treat cough.
4. The paste of jivanthi plant is applied over fresh wounds to treat it.
5. The cold infusion or the fresh juice of the plant is given regularly as a health tonic for the nourishment of the body.
6. In cases of mouth ulcer, sesame oil cooked with equal quantity of milk and paste of Jivanti is mixed with honey 1/8th quantity and Sarjarasa.
7. Cold infusion prepared from Leptidinia reticulata is given in a dose of 30-40 ml to treat difficulty in micturition and burning micturition.
8. Fresh juice or cold infusion of the plant is given to increase the breast milk in lactating women.
Uses of Jeevanti as per Ayurveda:
Grahi – absorbent, useful in diarrhea, IBS
Chakshushya – improves vision, good for eyes, useful in eye disorders
Balya – improves strength and immunity
Ayushya – improves life expectancy
Indicated in :-
Raktapitta –Bleeding disorders such as nasal bleeding, heavy periods, etc
Kshaya – depletion of body tissues, weight loss, tuberculosis
Daha – burning sensation, as in gastritis, neuropathy, burning sensation in eyes etc
Jwara – fever
Fruit :-
Brumhana – nourishing, nutritious

Adverse effects of Jivanthi- No adverse effect is seen or reported after the use of Jivanti

Formulations containing Jivanthi:
• Confido tablet: Confido Tablet is a proprietary Ayurvedic medicine. It is used to treat sexual dysfunctions, Impotence, Seminal debilities, Anxiety associated with sexual performance, Premature ejaculation, Spermatorrhoea and Nocturnal emission.
• Braintab tablets: Braintab Tablet is a proprietary Ayurvedic medicine. It is a good brain tonic. It improves memory and concentration. It relieves anxiety and mental stress.
• Chyavan vit tablet: Chyawan-Vit is a proprietary Ayurvedic medicine in paste/leha form. It is specially prepared to give the benefits of Chyavanaprash to diabetic patients and those who want to avoid sugar.
• Anu taila: It is an oil useful for the treatment of procedure called as Nasya treatment for strengthening ears, eyes, nose, tongue and throat.
• Cephagrine nasal drops :- Cephagraine Nasal drops is a proprietary Ayurvedic medicine. It is a natural decongestant and analgesic therapy for sinusitis and migraine. In sinusitis Cephagraine Nasal Drops reduce inflammation, liquefies mucous and relieves congestion. Cephagraine reduces frequency, severity and duration of migraine by its anti-inflammatory and analgesic property.
• Jivantyadi ghrita: Jivantyadi Ghrita is an Ayurvedic medicine, in herbal ghee form. It is used as medicine and also in preparatory procedure called snehakarma for the treatment of early stage of cataract. It controls many pitta based ailments. This gives vitality.

• Chyavanaprash: Chyavanaprasam is used for the treatment of many diseases by improving the body defense mechanism to fight against external stimuli, cough and asthma etc.

• Ashwagandhadi churna: Ashwagandhadi Churna is an Ayurvedic medicine in herbal powder form. It is used in the treatment of dizziness, lack of strength, indigestion, abdominal colic etc.

• Brihat chagalyadi ghrita: Brihat Chagaladya Ghrita is an Ayurvedic medicine in ghee form. It is used in the treatment of all types of Vata disorders involving emaciation, lack of strength, pain, stiffness etc.

• Sukumaram kashaya churna: Sukumaram Kashaya Choorna is a micro-fined powder of the respective Kashaya. It is used in the treatment of gastro-intestinal diseases, hernia, lack of appetite, constipation and piles. It is also useful in menstrual disorders and sterility.

10. MULETHI :-

It is also called Yashtimadhu in Ayurveda. It is an important herb used in Indian medicines, home remedies, folk medicines and Ayurveda. The health benefits of Mulethi include its use in hyperacidity, ulcer, general debility, joint pains and some other diseases. It is beneficial in these diseases due to its medicinal properties. It is a good anti-inflammatory and analgesic agent. It also acts as antacid and aphrodisiac.

Botanical Description-
Mulethi (Yashtimadhu) is botanically Glycyrrhiza Glabra that belongs to Fabaceae family (peas and legumes family).
In Tamil Language, it is known as ATHIMATHURAM. It is a herbaceous perennial plant bearing sweet roots, that are used for therapeutic purposes.

Common Names
 Botanical Synonym Glycyrrhiza Glabra
 English Name Cultivated Licorice, Liquorice, Licorice
 Hindi Name Mulethi
 Sanskrit Name. Yashtimadhu
 Ayurvedic Name Yashtimadhu
 Also Spelled As MULATHI, YASHTI-MADHU, YASHTI-MADHUKA, JETHI MADHU.

Botanical Classification (Plant Taxonomy)
• Kingdom Plantae
• Sub-Kingdom Viridiplantae
• Infra Kingdom Streptophyta (Land Plants)
• Super Division Embryophyta
• Division Tracheophyta (Tracheophytes or Vascular Plants)
• Sub Division Spermatophytina (Spermatophytes or Seed Plants)
• Class Magnoliopsida
• Super Order Rosanae
• Order Fabales
• Family Fabaceae (peas & legumes)
• Genus Glycyrrhiza
• Species Glycyrrhiza Glabra (Cultivated Licorice)

Plant Description
 Type of Plant Herbaceous Perennial Plant
 Native Range India, Asia, Southern Europe
 Height (grows up to) Grows up to 1 meter in height
 Habitat (type of environment) Dry, hot and sunny climates with low annual rainfall are best for liquorice growth. However, adequate soil moisture is also necessary for its growth.
 Roots Stoloniferous
 Leaves. Pinnate leaves (70 to 150 mm long) bearing 9–17 leaflets
 Flowers Purple to pale whitish blue (8 to 12 mm long)
 Fruits Oblong pod (20 to 30 mm)
 Seeds Fruits contains several seeds
Medicinal Parts of Liquorice Plant
In Ayurveda, Mulethi (Yashtimadhu) roots are best for medicinal uses. It has all therapeutic properties.

Phytochemistry (Chemical Composition)-
Mulethi (Yashtimadhu) contains a sweet substance and a saponin glycoside, glycyrrhizin (also known as glycyrrhizic acid). It is 30 to 50 times sweeter than sugar and taste of sweetness in mouth lasts longer than sugar. On hydrolysis, glycoside converts into aglycone glycyrrhetinic acid and loses its sweetness. Yellow color of liquorice is due to Chalcone Glycoside Isoliquiritin.

Medicinal Properties
Mulethi (Yashtimadhu) has following healing properties :-
1. Antacid
2. Anti-ulcerogenic
3. Anti-inflammatory
4. Anti-oxidant
5. Anti-Alzheimer’s
6. Anti-obesogenic
7. Anti-adipogenic
8. Anti-atherogenic
9. Anticancer
10. Anti-angiogenic (in cancer or Tumors)
11. Anti-proliferative (in cancer or Tumors)
12. Anti-asthmatic
13. Antibacterial
14. Adaptogenic
15. Analgesic
16. Anti-arthritic
17. Antidepressant
18. Antioxidant
19. Anti-stress
20. Antitussive
21. Aphrodisiac
22. Demulcent
23. Expectorant
24. Immuno-modulator
25. Mild estrogenic

Ayurvedic Properties
 Taste – RASA MADHURA (Sweet)
 Main Quality – GUNA – GURU (Heavy) & SNIGADH or SNEHA (Unctuous or Oily)
 Potency – VIRYA -SHEETA (Cold)
 Resultant – VIPAKA -MADHURA (Sweet)
 Therapeutic Effect – PRABHAVA -Rejuvenation & Supplement
 DOSHA KARMA (Effect on Humors) -Pacifies VATA & PITTA
 Dhatu (Tissue) Effect All – RASA, RAKTA, MAMSA, MEDAS, ASTHI, MAJJA & SHUKRA
 Beneficial for Organs- Stomach, Intestines, Liver, Brain, Heart & Blood Vessels.

THERAPEUTIC INDICATIONS
Mulethi is helpful in following health conditions :-
 Allergy :- Allergic rhinitis or hay fever
 Brain & Mind Health:- Depression, emotional stress, memory loss
 Digestive Health :- Acidity, Chronic Gastritis, Canker sores, Constipation, duodenal ulcer, gingivitis, heartburn, indigestion, peptic ulcer, mouth ulcer, tooth decay, Ulcerative colitis, hepatitis and inflammation of gallbladder,
 Heart Health :- High Cholesterol level
 Hormones:- Addison’s disease
 Joint, Muscle & Bones:- Arthritis, Bursitis, Fibromyalgia, Gout
 Respiratory Health:- Cough, Asthma, Bronchitis,
 Skin & Hairs:- Baldness, Eczema, Psoriasis.
 General Indications :- General debility, Chronic Fatigue, Physical exhaustion
 Infections :- Athlete’s foot, Intestinal infections, Conjunctivitis, sore throat
 Women Health :- Menopause, Excessive uterine bleeding,
 Men Health :- Prostate enlargement
Mulethi (Yashtimadhu) Benefits & Medicinal Uses
 The main beneficial effects of Mulethi (Yashtimadhu) are on digestive system and respiratory system.
 It helps in relieving gastric symptoms such as heartburn, burning sensation in the abdomen, peptic and duodenal ulcer, abdominal colic, GERD and chronic gastritis.
 Mulethi contains Glycyrrhizin, which is sweet in taste and reduces inflammation of gastrointestinal tract. It benefits in following diseases related to digestive system.
 Hyperacidity and Gastritis :-Mulethi acts as an antacid and reduces free and total HCL levels in the stomach. It decreases acidic irritation to peptic mucosa. It is effective in acute as well as chronic gastritis.
 In Indian Medicine, Mulethi (Yashtimadhu) is used with amla powder (Indian Gooseberry), coriander seed powder, giloy and nut grass powder for relieving gastritis and hyperacidity.
 Stomach ulcers :- Mulethi has anti-inflammatory effects and anti-ulcer properties. It decreases the inflammation of stomach linings. Various studies have shown its significant anti-ulcer and anti-inflammatory properties.
 It has protective effects against stomach ulcer. It reduces the chances of gastric ulceration induced by aspirin and other NSAIDs.
 In duodenal ulcer, deglycyrrhizinized licorice (Yashtimadhu) has ulcer healing properties. It corrects the gastric mucosa and reduces ulcerations.
 Helicobacter pylori infection induced peptic ulcer :- Mulethi extract has some flavonoids, which act as Anti-Helicobacter pylori. The flavonoids such as glabridin and glabrene found in Yashtimadhu have inhibitory effects against H. pylori. Therefore, Yashtimadhu can be used against H. pylori infection and peptic ulcer caused due to H. pylori.
 Aphthous ulcers or Mouth ulcers or Canker sores :- Mulethi can provide 50 to 75% relief from Aphthous ulcers within one day and complete remission of ulcers within three days.
 Canker sores are a common type of mouth ulcers characterized by pain and tenderness. These are white or yellow in appearance surrounded by red area. Yashtimadhu water or tea reduces the pain and tenderness. Its gargle is also effective in reducing the size of canker sores.
 Ulcerative colitis :- Mulethi contains a Glabridin compound, which reduces colonic inflammation. It can speed up healing process in inflamed mucosa and prevent ulceration of mucosa of the intestines.
 In Ayurveda, It is used with Indian gooseberry, Bamboo Manna (vanshlochan) and Giloy satva for ulcerative colitis treatment.
 Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease :-Mulethi can help in nonalcoholic fatty liver disease.
 Use of Mulethi in Cough :- Mulethi is therapeutically helpful in sore throat, throat irritation, cough and bronchitis.Yashtimadhu has expectorant properties. It also eases in coughing up the thick yellow sputum accumulated in the lungs. Due to antibacterial properties, it also reduces infection of upper respiratory tract. It reduces throat irritation and helps in chronic cough.

In Ayurveda, it is used in such conditions as follows:

Mulethi Churna 2 grams
Sitopaladi powder 2 grams
Honey 1 tsp.

 Bronchitis & Asthma :- Mulethi attenuates the inflammation of bronchi and and soothes respiratory tract, thus it helps in bronchitis. Due to anti-inflammatory effects, it is effective in many inflammatory diseases including bronchitis and arthritis. It can also be beneficial in allergic asthma. In asthma, it can be used with Pushkarmool powder and honey.
 High cholesterol :- Mulethi has potency to reduce serum cholesterol levels and hepatic cholesterol. The possible action of Yashtimadhu might be associated with conversion of cholesterol into the bile.
 Atherosclerosis :- Mulethi root or mulethi has anti-atherosclerotic characteristics. The effects can be due to reduction of serum cholesterol and plaque formation in the blood vessels. Another antioxidant property can also potentiate its effects in preventing cardiovascular diseases.
 Hormones :-Mulethi is known for its effects on adrenal gland. It improves the adrenal gland functions. It can be helpful in people who take steroid drugs, because steroids suppress important adrenal gland functions and result in adrenal insufficiency. It assists adrenal gland to recover its natural functions and stimulates adrenal hormones.
 Malaria :- Chinese licorice roots contain a compound named as LICOCHALCONE. It inhibits the falciparum strain and its effects are similar to chloroquine. The studies have concluded that a new isolated licorice compound has potent anti-malarial properties.
 Tuberculosis :- LICOCHALCONE found in Chinese licorice roots has inhibitory effects against myco-bacterial species. However, further studies are required to investigate the results of licorice in tuberculosis, although it can help in bacterial lung infections.
 Sore throat :- Gargle with yashtimadhu water or decoction reduces throat inflammation, irritation and pain. The studies have shown that yashtimadhu gargle reduces incidence of sore throat by 50% in post-extubation coughing and attenuates postoperative sore throat.
 Eczema :- Mulethi paste, oil or gel application helps in eczema as well as inflamed and itchy skin. Some herbal creams and gel used for eczema treatment contain licorice extract. It reduces itchiness, redness and swelling.

Login to http://www.aptayurveda.co.in for daily updates.

2 thoughts on “Jivaniya Mahakashaya-by Dr. Preeti Negi.

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out /  Change )

Google photo

You are commenting using your Google account. Log Out /  Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )

Connecting to %s