Laghu Pancamoola is part of Pancapancamool.It is an integral part of the Dasamoola formulation .It is mainly used to treat disease related to muscles,bones ,joints,nerves and kindays.Laghu pancamoola contains the roots of five herbs.
1.Brihati (Solanum indicum Linn.)
2.Kantakari(Solanum surattense Burm. F.)
3.Saliparni( Desmodium gangeticum De. Hedysarum gangeticum Linn.)
4.Prsniparni(Urauia picta Desv.)
5.Goksura(Tributes terrestris Linn.)
Acharaya Caraka doesn’t given the name of Laghu pancamoola.In the place of Laghu pancamoola he give the Vidarigandhadi pancamoola in his Pancapancamoola group (C.chi). Caraka also give this drugs in Shothahara mahakashaya 1(C.Su 4/38). In the same chapter,under Angamardaprashamana Mahakashaya the first four drugs,i.e., Vidarigandha, Prishniparni ,Brihati and Kantakari are present whereas fifth drugs is Eranda1(C.Su 4/44). But Acharaya Sushruta and Vagbhata give name Laghupancamula in Pancapancamula gana.Acharya Sushruta also give the synonyms of Laghupancamula like Kaniyapancamula or Hrasvapancamula.In Kaniya/Hrasva pancamula the drugs are Trikantaka,Brihatidvaya(Brihati,Kantakari) and Prithakaparnyo( Saliparni ,Prsniparni)3 ( Su. Su chp 38/66)
Property of laghupancamula10
Rasa : Tikta, Kasaya and Madhur
Guna : Laghu
Virya : Anusna
Dosa karma: Vatapittahara.
Action : Brmhana, Balya, Grahi.
Indication : Atisara, Jwara, Swasa, Asmari
Pharmacological actions10 :
- Uterine tonic
- Lithontriptic-dissolving stone in the kidneys or bladder
Therapeutic indication10 :
Laghupancamoola indicated in following health condition:
- Vata rakta (Gout)
- Kati graha
- Sandhigata vata (Osteoarthritis)
- Ama vata (Rheumatiod arthriti)
- Grdhrasi (Sciatica)
- Ardita (Facial paralysis)
- Paksaghat (Hemiplegia)
- Asmari (Kidney stone)
- Jwara (Fever)
- Kasa (Cough)
Materials and method10 :-
Aim and Objective :- To study about details of two types of Laghupancamoola and their description.
A chronological review of all available Ayurvedic classics have been carried out , i.e., Caraka samhuta, Sushruta samhita, Kashyapa samhita ,Astanga sangraha, Astanga Hridaya, Bhavaprakasha nighantu andall relevant information regarding Laghupancamoola was gathered. Simultaneous views of commentators like Chakrapanidatta , Dalhana, Hemadri were also considered to make the picture more clear regarding two types of Laghupancamoola. The information was critically reviewed and the rationale behind the variation in the content of Laghupancamoola was derived.
Classical texts of Ayurveda differs regarding components of this Mishraka varga. Four out of five drugs of Laghupancamoola are similar in all the ayurvedic texts but either Goksura or Eranda is considered as the fifth drug. AcharayaKashyapa (Kashyapa samhita,khil sthana, Antavartani Chikitsa Adhyaya,10/83)6 Dalhana and Ravigupta(Siddhasara Dravyaguna Adhyaya, 2/29) were in view of Eranda as a fifth drug of Laghupancamula ; where as Acharya Caraka ,Sushruta,Vagbhata are in favour of Goksura.
While reviewing the views of the commentators, it is observed that Chakrapanidatta, in his Bhanumaticommentary of Sushruta Samhita, accepted Eranda in place of Gokshura in Laghupanchamulaand stated that Charaka accepts Gokshura.Yadavaji Trikramji Acharya, in the edition of Sushruta Samhita with Dalhana commentary, has also reported that Eranda was present in places of Gokshurain one manuscript that was written in palm leaves.
In Nighantus, i.e., Ashtanga, Dhanvantari, Bhavaprakasha, Raja ,Shaligrama, and Priya Nighantu,the five drugs of Laghupanchamulamentioned are Shalaparni, Prishniparni, Brihati, Kantakari, and Gokshura, except in Saushruta Nighantu where Erandais included as one of the constituents of Vidarigandhadi panchamula.
Botanical name:- Solanum indicum. Linn.(Fig :-1)
Gana:-Caraka mention in Kanthya, Hikkanigrahana, Sothahara Mahakasaya
Sushruta mention in Brhatyadi, Laghupancamoola
Habitat:-Brihati found in all over india, mostly in the warmer parts of india.
Habit (Morphology):- It is an erect very prickly under shrub 1 to 6 foot high, stems stout often tinged with purple.The roots are well developed, long, ribbed, woody, cylindrical 1-2.5cm in diameter.
Useful part:- Root, leaves.
Chemical constituent :- Sterodial alkaloid, steroids.
Rasa pancake:- (Table )
Dosa karma– Kaphavata samak
Karma (Pharmacological action) :- Samgrahi, Hrdya, Pacaka, Kusthaghna, Jwaraghna, Swasaghna, Sulaghna, Kasaghna.
Therapeutic indication:- Swasa, Hrdroga, Sula, Jwara, Chardi, Kustha, Kandu, Krmi.
Therapeutic administration (Amayikprayoga):-
- In case of Twak roga, Lepa of leaves are applied
- To stop Vamans, the Patra swarasais given with Adraka
- Mula is useful in Kapha roga , Udarasula.
Dose:- Mula kwatha:- 50-100 ml Mula curna:- 1-3 gms
Formulation :- Brhatyadi kwath , Dasamularista , Dasamula ghrta.
2) Kantakari7&8 :-
Botanical name :- Solanum surattense Burm.f.(Fig :-2)
Gana:- Caraka mention in Kasahara, Kanthya, Sothahara, Sitaprasamana mahakasaya
Sushruta mention in Brhatyadi , Varunadi and Laghupancamoola.
Synonyms :- 1) Duhsparsa
Habitat:- It is found throughout india mainly waste land
Habit :- A very prickly bright-green, perinial herb. Stem flexuous, leaves 2-4 inch long ovate or elliptic sinuate or sub pinnatified rounded and unequal sided at the base. Flowers few in extra axillary, short peduneted cymes or solitary, pedicals curved, seeds glabrous.
Useful part:- Pancanga.
Chemical constituent :- Glucoalkaloids and sterols.
Rasa pancake:( Table)
Dosa karma :- Kaphavatasamak
Karma(Pharmacological action) :- Sara , Dipaniya, Pacaniya, Kasaghna, Swasaghna, Jwaraghna, Krimghna, Hrdrogahara, Raktasodhak.
Therapeutic indication:- Kasa, swasa, sotha, hikka, mutrakrcchra, asmari, pratisyaya.
Therapeutic administration (Amayikaprayoga):-
- In Jwara, Kwatha of Kantakari and Guduci are given.
- In Tamaka swasa and Udvestna associated with Kasa mula kwatha is given with Saindava lavana and hingu.
Mula kwatha:- 50-100 ml Curna:– 1-2gm
Formulation :- Kantakaryaveleha, Vyaghri taila, Kantakari ghrta.
3) Saliparni7&8 :-
Botanical name :- Desomodium gangaticum DC ( Fig:3)
Family :- Fabaceae
Gana :- Caraka mention in Balya, Snehopaga mahakasaya.
Sushruta mention in Vidarigandhadi and Laghupancamoola gana
Habitat :- It is found in outer Himsalayas upto 5000 ft and throughout India.
Habit :- A slender suberect under shrub 2 ½ ft high. Stems slightly angular Leaves 1-foliolate petiole ½ -1 inch stipulus ¼ inch linear subperiostant. Tap root , poorly developed, but lateral roots 15-30 cm long and 0.1-0.8 cm thick uniformly cylindrical with a number of branches.
Useful part :- Mula, Pancanga.
Chemical constituent :- Alkaloids.
Rasa pancake :- (Table)
Dosa karma :- Tridosasaamaka
Karma (Pharmcological action) :- Dipana, Snehan, Anulomana Stambana, Krimghna, Hrdya, Sothahara.
Therapeutic indication :- Sotha, Avsas, Kasa-Swasa, Jwara, Atisara, Chardi, Krmi.
Therapeutic administration (Amayikaprayoga):-
- In case Hrdroga, root is boiled with milk and given.
- In case netraroga, roots of Saliparni combined with rock salt and Marica
Dose :- 5-10 gm of the drug in powder form.
Decoction 50-100 ml
Formulation :- Dasamularista, Dhanwantara taila, Narayana taila, Mahanarayana taila.
4) Prsniparni7&8 :-
Botanical name :- Uraria picta Desv. (Fig :-4)
Family :- Fabeceae
Gana :- Caraka mention in Sandhaniya, Sothahara mahakasaya.
Sushruta mention in Vidarigandhadi , Haridradi and Laghupacamoola.
Habitat :- It is found in all over india.
Habit :- A sparingly branched perineal 0.9-1.8 m high.Stem stout reaching 1.2cm at the base. Leaves inparipinnate 20-30cm long. Roots are cylindrical upto 1.5cm thick branching from top to unbranched root let which are 2 to 4mm thicjk.
Chemical constituent :- Alkaloids, reducing sugar and sterols.
Rasa pancaka :- (Table)
Dosa karma :- Tridosasamaka
Karma(Pharmacological action) :- Dipaniya Vrsya, Vatahara, Sangrahi, Sothahara, Jwaraghna, Hrdya.
Therapeutic indication :-Jwara, Swasa, Raktatisara,Trsna, Chardi, Daha, Ashtibhnga.
Therapeutic admistration ( Amyikaprayoga) :-
- A kwatha prepared out of bala and prsniparni is useful in raktaarsas and madatya.
- The pancanga sarasa is useful in sarpavish
- In Vatarakta, roots of Prsniparni is boiled with Ajaksira and sugar is added and given.
Dose :- Kwatha 15-100ml
Formulation :- Dasamularista, Dasamula kwath curna.
5 ) Goksura7&8:-
Botanical name :- Tribulus terrestris Linn (Fig :-5).
Family :- Zygophyllaceae.
Gana :- Caraka mention in Mutravirecaniya, Sothahara, Krimghna, and Anuvasanopaga Mahakasaya.
Sushruta mention in Vidarigandhadi, Viratarvadi and Laghupancamoola.
Habitat :- Distributed throughout india upto 11000ft. it is also found in the warmer region of the world.
Habit :- it is a prostrate annule or biennial, clothed with silky hairs. Flowers 1/3-3/4 inch across, on peduncle shorter than the leaves.The fruits are indehiscent cocci with 2 long and 2 short spines, glabrous or hairy . Root are slender, tortuous, gradually tapering root 12 to20cm long. External surface yellowish brown in colour slightly wrinkled longituidinally with prominent root scars.
Useful part :- Mula and Phala.
Chemical constituent :- Alkaloids and saponin, nitrates and volatile oils.
Rasa pancake :- (Table)
Dosa karma :- Vatapittasamaka
Karma (Pharmacological action) :- Basti sodhaka, Angidipaka, Vrsya, Sothaghna, Vatasamaka, Mutrala, Swasa, Kasahara.
Therapeutic indication :- Mutrakrccha, Asmari, Prameha, Hrdroga, Arsas, Swas-Kasa, Klaibya.
Therapeutic admistration ( Amayikaprayoga) :-
- The pancanga of Goksura swarasa is boiled with Ghrta and administered with milk in cas of Asmari.
- In Mutrakrccha , a kwatha prepared with Pancanga of Goksura given with sugar candy and Madhu is beneficial
Dose :- Curna – 3-6gm, Kwatha- 50-100ml
Formulation :- Goksuradicurna, Goksuradiguggulu, Dasamularista, Amrtarista, Goksuradyavaleha.
Botanical name :- Ricinus communis Linn (Fig :- 6).
Family :- Euphorbiaceae
Gana :- Caraka mention in Bhedaniya, Angamardaprasamana, Swedopaga mahakasaya.
Sushruta mention in Vidarigandhadi, Adhobhagahara , Vatasamsamana.
Varieties :- Bhava prakasa nighantu and Raja nighantu described two varieties of Eranda
- Sweta( white)
- Rakta( red)
Habitat:-Cultivated throughout India and commonly found in the wild.
Habits:- An evergreen, glabrous shrub, 2-4.5 m high. Leaves- palmately 7-many-lobed, loboes oblong to linear, acute or acuminate. Flowers- in large terminal subpanicled racemes; in a dense globose head of branched filaments and anthers; yellowish. Fruits- Capsules, globosely oblong, smooth or echinate. Seeds- oblong, smooth, mottled.
Useful part:- Root, leaf, seed, oil.
Chemical constituent:- Ricinine, 1-methyl-3-cyano-4methoxy-2pyridone etc.
Rasa pancaka:- (Table)
Dosa karma:- Kapha-vatahara
Karma(Pharmacological action):- Sulaghna, Sothaghna, Katisulaghna, Bastirogahara, Sirahsulaghna, Udararoghara, Jvaraghna, Svasaghna, Kasaghna, Kusthaghna.
Therapeutic indication:- Vata vyadhi, Pliharoga, Udavarta, Vastisula, Gulma, Antravrddhi, Katisula, Prameha, Vatarakta etc.
Therapeutic administration (Amayikaprayoga):-
- Slipada– Eranda taila mixed with cow’s urine may be taken for one month while consuming diet of rice & milk.
- Parsvasula- Yavaksara is added to Eranda kwatha and take.
Dose:- Root powder 3-5 g, decoction 50-100 ml; oil 5-10 ml.
Formulation:- Rasnairandadi Kasaya, Simhanada guggulu, Vatari guggulu, Hingu triguna taila, Erandadi taila.
Rasa pancaka of all the drugs of Laghu pancamoola7&8:-
|1.Brihati 2.Kantakari 3.Saliparni 4.Prsniparni 5.Goksura 6.Eranda||Katu,Tikta. Katu,Tikta Tikta,Madhura Madhura,Tikta Madhur Madhur,Katu,Kasay—a||Laghu,Ruksha Laghu,Ruksha Guru Laghu,Snigdha Guru,Snigdha Snigdha,Tiksna||Usna Usna Usna Usna Sheeta Usna||Katu Katu Madhur Madhur Madhur Madhur||– – – – –|
The word Laghu pancamoola as such is not reffered to in ancient Ayurvedic Classic i.e., Charaka samhita and Sushruta samhita. However in Astanga Sangraha and Astanga Hrdaya, it is mentioned as components of many compound formulations. In Caraka samhita, Sushruta samhita and Kashyapa samhita Laghupancamoola was known by the name of Vidarigandhadi pancamoola, Kaniyapancamoola, Khuddakapanchamula respectively. All the above terms indicate the habit of plants of this group, i.e., either herb (Shalaparni, Prsniparni, Brihati, Kantakari and Goksura), or Shrub (Erand). Acharaya Kashyapa,Dalhana ,Ravi gupta give Erand as a fifth drug of Laghupancamoola; where as Acharya Caraka, Sushruta, Vagbhata are in favour of Goksura.
Laghupancamoola have the properties of Tikta, Kasaya, Madhur Rasa, Laghu Guna, Anusna Virya Madhur Vipaka and it is Vatapittahara. Laghu pancamoola is mainly indicated in the Vatarakta, Paksaghat, Sandhigata vata, Amavata, Asmari, Jwara etc.
It concluded as the study of laghupancamoola is the drugs of laghu pancamoola are Brihati, Sali parni, Prsniparni, Kantakari, Goksura or Eranda. Acharya Caraka, Sushruta, Vagbhata give Goksura as the fifth drug of laghupancamoola and Acharya Kasayapa give Eranda as the fifth drug of laghupancamoola. Laghupancamoola have brmhana, balya action and it is very useful in vatarakta, amavata, asmari, jwara etc.
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- www.ayurtimes.com//https://www.ayurtimes.com>laghupancamoola//Last access on 17/8/19