MALA KSHAYA-VRIDHI LAKSHANA

INTRODUCTION

Malas are those constituents of the body which are regularly eliminated from the body thus keep the body clean. It can vitiate the body (when they accumulate in large amount or decrease).

“मला मूत्र शकृत्स्वेदादयो अपि च ।।” [AH.SU.1/13]1

The malas are Mutra, Sakrit, sweda etc (Here etc indicates dhatu malas). These are also termed as trimalas.

IMPORTANCE OF MALAS

“सम दोषाः समान्गिश्च सम धातु मलाक्रियाः।
प्रसन्नत्मेन्द्रियमनाः स्वस्थ इत्यभिधीयते।।” [SS.SU.15/38]2

One who is established in self, who has balanced doshas, balanced agni, properly formed dhatus, proper elimination of malas, well functioning bodily processes and whose mind, soul and senses are full of bliss is called a healthy person.

     Therefore the malas are also plays an important role in maintaining the health of a person.

“दोषधातु मल मूलो हि देह:।”[AS.SU.19/1]3

The body is composed of doshas, dhatus and malas. The doshas, dhatus and malas are considered as the moola “root” of the body.


“दोष धातु मल मूलं हि शरीरं।” [SS.SU.15/3]

The doshas, dhatus and malas are the foundation of the body.

MALA VRIDHI AND MALA KSHAYA:

“वृध्दि मलानां सङ्गाच्च क्षयं चाति विसर्गतः।” [AH.SU.11/25]

 The increase in malas (mala vridhi) is known by their non-elimination (out of the body) and their decrease (mala kshaya) is known by their excessive elimination.

“मलोचितत्वाद्देहस्य क्षयो वृध्देस्तु पीडनः।।” [AH.SU.11/25]

Body being accustomed to accumulation of waste products, therefore their decrease is more troublesome to the body than to their increase.

MALA KSHAYA-VRIDHI LAKSHANA ACCORDING TO DIFFERENT CLASSICS:

1) MALA VRIDHI LAKSHANAS:

A) PURISH/SAKRIT:

1. ACCORDING TO SUSRUTA SAMHITA:

“पुरीषमाटोपं कुक्षौ शूलं च।” [SS.SU.15/15]

Increase in purisha in the body causes,

  • अटोपं – Abdominal distension with gurgling sound.
  • कुक्षौ शूलं – Abdominal pain.

2.  ACCORDING TO ASTANGA HRIDAYA:

“कुक्षावाध्मानमाटोपं गौरवं वेदनां शकृत् ।” [AH.SU.11/12]

Increase in sakrit in the body causes,

  • कुक्षावाध्मान – Abdominal distention with gurgling sound and severe pain.
  • अटोपं – Abdominal distention with gurgling sound.
  • गौरवं – Heaviness in the body.
  • वेदनां – Severe pain.

3. ACCORDING TO ASTANGA SANGRAHA:

“कुक्षिशूलाटोपगौरवैः शकृदाधिक्यम् ।” [AS.SU.19/4]

Increase of purisha in the body causes.

  • कुक्षिशूल – Abdominal pain.
  • अटोपं – Abdominal  distention with gurgling sound.
  • गौरवं – Heaviness in the body.

B) MUTRA:

1, ACCORDING TO SUSRUTA SAMHITA:

“मूत्रं मूत्रवृध्दिं मुहुर्मुहुः प्रवृतिं बस्तितोदमाध्मानं च।” [SS.SU.15/15]

Increase in mutra in the body causes,

  • मुहुर्मुहुः प्रवृतिं – Frequent feeling of urination/excessive secretion of urine.
  • बस्तितोद – Pain in the urinary bladder.
  • आध्मानं – Abdominal distention with gurgling sound and excessive pain.

2. ACCORDING TO ASTANGA HRIDAYA:

“मूत्रं तु बस्तिनिस्तोदं कृते अप्यकृतसंज्ञताम् ।” [AH.SU.11/13]

Increase in mutra in the body causes,

  • बस्तिनिस्तोदं – Severe pain in the urinary bladder.
  • कृते अप्यकृतसंज्ञताम् – Feeling of non elimination of urine even after elimination of urine.

3. ACCORDING TO ASTANGA SANGRAHA:

“बस्तितोदाध्मानैमूर्त्राधिक्यम् ।” [AS.SU.19/4]

Increase in mutra in the body causes,

  • बस्तितोद – Pain in the urinary bladder.
  • आध्मानं – Abdominal distention with gurgling sound and excessive pain.

C) SWEDA:

1. ACCORDING TO SUSRUTA SAMHITA:

“स्वेद स्त्वचो दौर्गन्ध्यं कण्डुं च।” [SS.SU.15/15]

Increase in sweda in the body causes,

  • त्वचा दौर्गन्ध्यं – Bad smell of the skin.
  • कण्डुं – Itching.

2. ACCORDING TO ASTANGA HRIDAYA:

“स्वेदो अतिस्वेद दौर्गन्ध्य कण्डुः ।”[AH.SU.11/13]

Increase in sweda in the body causes,

  • अतिस्वेद – Excessive perspiration.
  • अतिस्वेद – Bad smell.
  • कण्डुः – Itching.

3. ACCORDING TO ASTANGA SANGRAHA:

“कण्डूदौर्गन्ध्यैः स्वेदः।” [AS.SU.19/4]

Increase in sweda in the body causes,

  • कण्डुं – Itching.
  • दौर्गन्ध्यं – Bad smell.

2) MALA KSHAYA LAKSHANAS:

A) PURISHA:

1. ACCORDING TO SUSRUTA SAMHITA:

“पुरीषक्षये हृदयपार्श्वपीडा सशब्दस्य च वायोरूर्ध्वगमनं कुक्षौ संचरणं च।” [SS.SU.15/11]

Decrease in purisha in the body causes,

  • हृदयपार्श्वपीडा सशब्दस्य – Pain in the heart region and flanks with sound.
  • वायोरूर्ध्वगमनं कुक्षौ संचरणं – Movement of vayu in the upward direction and in the whole abdomen.

2. ACCORDING TO ASTANGA HRIDAYA:

“कुक्षावाध्मानमाटोपं गौरवं वेदनां शकृत् ।” [AH.SU.11/12]

Increase in sakrit in the body causes,

  • कुक्षावाध्मान – Abdominal distention with gurgling sound and severe pain.
  • अटोपं – Abdominal distention with gurgling sound.
  • गौरवं – Heaviness in the body.
  • वेदनां – Severe pain.

3. ACCORDING TO ASTANGA SANGRAHA:

“कुक्षिशूलाटोपगौरवैः शकृदाधिक्यम् ।” [AS.SU.19/4]

Increase of purisha in the body causes.

  • कुक्षिशूल – Abdominal pain.
  • अटोपं – Abdominal  distention with gurgling sound.
  • गौरवं – Heaviness in the body.

B) MUTRA:

1. ACCORDING TO SUSRUTA SAMHITA:

“मूत्रक्षये बस्तितोद अल्पमूत्रता च।” [SS.SU.15/11]

Decrease in mutra in the body causes,

  • बस्तितोद – Pain in the urinary bladder’
  • अल्पमूत्रता – Less secretion of urine.

2. ACCORDING TO ASTANGA HRIDAYA:

“मूत्रे अल्पं मूत्रयेत्कृच्छ्राव्दिवर्ण सास्त्रमेव वा ।” [AH.SU.11/21]

Decrease in mutra in the body causes,

  • मूत्रयेत्कृच्छ्रा – Dysuria (Discomfort when urinating)
  • Discolored urine.
  • Urine mixed with blood.

3. ACCORDING TO ASTANGA SANGRAHA:

“बस्तिनिस्तोदं मुखशोष कृछ्राल्पविवर्णमूत्रतादिभिः स रूधिरमूत्रतया वा मूत्रम्।” [AS.SU.19/6]

Decrease in mutra in the body causes,

  • बस्तिनिस्तोदं – Pricking pain in the urinary bladder.
  • मुखशोष – Dryness of mouth.
  • कृछ्राल्पविवर्णमूत्रता – Less amount of discoloured urination with difficulty.

C) SWEDA:

1. ACCORDING TO SUSRUTA SAMHITA:

“स्वेदक्षये स्तब्धरोमकूपता त्वकशोषः स्पर्शवैगुण्यं स्वेदनाशश्च ।।” [SS.SU.15/11]

Decrease in sweda in the body causes,

  • स्तब्धरोमकूपता – Stiffness in the hair follicles of the body.
  • त्वकशोषः – Dryness of the skin.
  • स्पर्शवैगुण्यं – Loss of touch sensation.
  • स्वेदनाशश्च – No sweating.

2. ACCORDING TO ASTANGA HRIDAYA:

“स्वेदे रोमच्युतिः स्तब्धरीमता स्फुटनं त्वचः ।।” [AH.SU.11/22]

Decrease in sweda in the body causes,

  • रोमच्युतिः – Falling of hair.
  • स्तब्धरीमता – Stiffness of hair.
  • स्फुटनं त्वचः – Creaking of the skin.

3. ACCORDING TO ASTANGA SANGRAHA:

“स्तब्धरोमकूपतारोमच्यवनत्वक्परिपाटनस्वापपारूष्यस्वेदनाशैः स्वेदः।।” [AS.SU.19/6]

Decrease in sweda in the body causes,

  • स्तब्धरोमकूपता – Stiffness of hair follicles of the body.
  •  रोमच्यवन – Loss of sensation.
  • त्वक्परिपाटन – Creaking of the skin.
  • पारूष्य – Roughness of the skin.
  • स्वेदनाशैः – Absent of sweating.

KSHAYA-VRIDHI LAKSHANAS OF OTHER MALAS:

A) VRIDHI LAKSHANAS:
“अन्ये अपि च दूषिकादिमला बाहुल्पद्रवता कण्डूगौरवैः।।” [AS.SU.19/4]

Increase of other waste products leads to their excess production and liquification, irritation (itching), and feeling of heaviness (of the related parts).

B) KSHAYA LAKSHANAS:
“अन्ये अपि च मला यथायथं मलायनं शोष शून्यत्वलाघवैः।” [AS.SU.19/7]

The other waste products undergoing decrease produce appropriate symptoms, associated with dryness, emptiness and lightness of the organ producing them.

DISSCUSSION:

   For a physician it is very much important to have the knowledge about the malas of the body because its quality and quantity of formation helps in knowing if they are in balance or out of balance. The knowledge of mala pradoshaja and disease caused due to contamination of malavaha srotas helps in understanding the pathology and also treating them comphrehensively.

      The knowledge of malas will help the physician to make right medical choices to expel the accumulated malas and also to conserve the malas when they are lost in excess. These will help the physician to balance the malas and to save life and conserve the energy of the patient in different diseases.4

CONCLUSION:

According to Ayurveda, the only balanced condition of doshas, dhatus and mala is Arogya (good health or disease free condition) and their imbalance causes health or disease.

REFERENCES:

  1. Ibid 1, Acharya Vagbhata’s Astanga Hridaya, translated by Prof. K. R. Srikantha Murthy, chapter 11.
  2. Ibid 2, Susruta Samhita by Prof. K. R. Srikantha Murthy, chapter 1 and 15.
  3. Ibid 3, Astanga Samgraha of Vagbhata, translated by Prof. K. R. Srikantha Murthy, chapter 1 and 19.
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