Hemanta & Shishircharya – Ritucharya

HEMANT CHARYA

  • Hemanta Ritu is considered as Mid- November to Mid- January.

Features of ritu

वायुर्वात्युत्तरः शीतो रजोधूमाकुला दिशः |
छन्नस्तुषारैः सविता हिमानद्धा जलाशयाः ||२२||
दर्पिता ध्वाङ्क्षखङ्गाह्वमहिषोरभ्रकुञ्जराः |
रोध्रप्रियङ्गुपुन्नागाः पुष्पिता हिमसाह्वये ||२३||(Su.Sa.Su.6/22)

  • The shita vayu moves in the direction of uttardisha with Rajo and dhuma present all around in Hemanta ritu.
  • The sun is covered with mist
  • Jalasaya are covered with Hima
  • Birds and animals
    • Crow, rhino serous, buffalos, horse, and monkey
  • Flowers
    • Lodhra, priyangu, Nagakesara

General conditions of the body

Effect on Dosha- Kapha sanchaya Pitta Prashamana.

Deha Bala- Pravara (Maximum).

Agni Bala- Pravara (Maximum).

During hemantartu due to the Shitaanilasparsha the heat of the body is conserved inside by constriction. This leads to the increase of Jațharāgni. So if proper   guru ahara is not consumed, it will burn away the rasadidhatus, as the ahara in the form of fuel is not available.

Aharas (Diet Regimens)

In Hemanta Ritu, the duration of night is long when compared to other Ritus. Due to this, feeling of hunger starts from the early morning.

  • Snigdha(unctuous), Amla(sour) and Lavana(salty) Aahara.
  • AnoopaMamsa
  • Mamsa Rasa(meat soup) prepared by adding Ghrita.
  • Sura(wine) prepared with Molasses and rice flour.
  • Pastries prepared with Godhuma (Wheat).
  • Masha(black gram)
  • Ikshu Rasa (Sugarcane juice).
  • Ksheera and Ksheera Dravyas (Milk and Milk products).
  • Navamannam (Newly harvested grains).
  • TilaTailam (Gingili oil).
  • Vasa (Bone Marrow).

Viharas (Lifestyle Regimens)

  • Vyayama (Exercise)
  • Snana (bath) with Kashaya(astringent) Dravya prepared Jala.
  • Lepana (application) of kukuma Kalka (paste of Saffron).
  • AgaruDhupana (Fumigation with Agar)
  • For Shaucha (Toiletry purposes) Sukhodaka (Hot water) should be used.
  • Covering the body with Ushna and LaghuPraavarana (Blankets). 
  • Yukyarkakiranaan (Exposing to the sun judiciously).
  • Padatranam (Wearing Shoes).
  • Vyavaya (indulging in Sexual pleasure).
  • Residing in underground cellar,
  • Taking rest on bed covered with Ajina (Hide of Antelope), Kousheya (Cloth prepared with silk).
  • Niyuddha (Wrestling)

Other viharas (including treatment procedures)

  • Abhyanga(oil massage)
  • MurdhaTaila application (Oil application on head).
  • Vimardana (Body massage using palms) with Taila which are Vatahara.
  • JentakaSweda(types of sweating)

 Apathya aharas

  • VataPrakopaAharas like Laghu (light),Sheeta(cold) and Ruksha Guna(dry) predominant.
  • Consuming SheetaJala (Cold Drinks).

 Apathya viharas

  • Exposing itself to direct and strong wind.
  • Divaswapna (Day sleep).

SHISHIRA CHARYA

  • Shishira ritu is considered as Mid-January to Mid-March approximately.

 Features of ritu

शिशिरे शीतमधिकं वातवृष्ट्याकुला दिशः |
शेषं हेमन्तवत् सर्वं विज्ञेयं लक्षणं बुधैः ||२४||(Su.Su.Su.6/24)

  • Sisira ritu is more shita(cold)
  • Rain presents along with  shita vayu all round

The Hemanta and Shishira Ritu in its nature are almost similar. The two differences between these Ritus are.

1. Rukshata(dryness) as it is the beginning of Adana Kaala.

2. SheetaAdhika (more cold) due to MeghaMaruthaVarsha (Cloud, Wind and Rain).

General conditions of the body

 Effect on Dosha- Kapha Chaya.

DehaBala- Pravara (Maximum).

Agni Bala- Pravara (Maximum)

Apathya aharas

One should avoid annapana which are

Katu(pungent)

Tikta(bitter)

Kasya(astringent)

Laghu(light)

Shita(cold)

Apathya vihara

Vata aggravating vihara should avoid

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